I am interested in intellectual history; in particular, conceptions of the relation between humans and machines. This topic intersects with a range of others which I work on, including the history of science and technology and British history in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. My current work also concerns political economy and finance, and has focused on the New Liberal, J.A. Hobson as well as Charles Babbage.
I have also worked on responses to technology in American history, the Unabomber and the history of science and medicine from the seventeenth century. I continue to be interested in these topics, as well as historiography and the philosophy of history, the philosophy of technology, the ‘two cultures’ controversy and British ‘decline’, utopianism and ecology, plants, the ‘Anthropocene’ and the mythologies of the British Industrial Revolution.